Menu
Home Page

PHONICS

Enjoying and sharing books

Experience shows that children benefit hugely by exposure to books from an early age.

Right from the start, lots of opportunities should be provided for children to engage

with books that fire their imagination and interest. They should be encouraged to

choose and peruse books freely as well as sharing them when read by an adult.

Enjoying and sharing books leads to children seeing them as a source of pleasure

and interest and motivates them to value reading.

At Lawrence Community Primary School we use 'Letters and Sounds' when teaching Phonics. 
Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills.
There are six Phases

Phase

Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds,
instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice
sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each.
Blending sounds together to make words.
Segmenting words into their separate sounds.
Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each.
Graphemes such as ch, oo, the representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters.
Reading captions, sentences and questions.
On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase.
Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

Top